Produse pentru copii
» Acasa » Lectii » PROPOZITII ATRIBUTIVE RELATIVE SI PRONUME RELATIVE
Incearca noul TRANSLATOR ONLINE - GRATUIT

PROPOZITII ATRIBUTIVE RELATIVE SI PRONUME RELATIVE

 

A. Pronume relative – forma:

 

Subiect

Complement

Posesiv

persoane

who

that

who / whom

that

whose

obiecte

which

that

which

that

whose

 

B. Propozitii relative – exista doua tipuri:

  1. Subordonate relative calificative. Utilizare: pronumele relative pot fi:
    • subiect:

The woman who / that has red hair is my sister.

All who / that met Erica admired her.

He studied the picture which / that depicted the prince on horseback.

We never met anyone who / that liked him.

 

NOTA: Pronumele calificative subiecte (who, which, that) sunt uneori inlocuite in relativele calificative de:

  1. un participiu prezent:

The road which / that leads to Arlington has been closed. = The road leading to Arlington has been closed.

 

  1. un participiu trecut:

The woman who / that was caught stealing was arrested. = The woman caught stealing was arrested.

 

  1. un INFINITIV, dupa the only, the last, the first, the second etc:

The only driver who / that won twice was Pearson. = The only driver to win twice was Pearson.

·        complement:

She is the woman (who / that) we met last night.

The milk (which / that) I bought has gone bad.

 

ATENTIE! Cand este folosit cu functie de complement, de obicei prinumele relativ este omis (dupa cum se vede in exemplele de mai sus).

 

·        posesiv:

There is the musician whose composition won first prize.

Where is the hotel whose manager is so famous?

·        complement prepozitional (who, that sau whom se folosesc pentru persoane; which sau that se folosesc pentru lucruri):

The man to whom I spoke was very rude.

SAU: The man (whom / who / that) I spoke to was very rude.

The subject in which he is interested is sociology.

SAU: The subject (which / that) he is interested in is sociology.

 

ATENTIE! Prepozitiile sunt de obicei plasate DUPA verb in propozitia subordonata, iar pronumele relativ se omite.

 

  1. Subordonate relative explicative – forma: subordonatele nu folosesc niciodata pronumele relativ that, nu omit niciodata pronumele relative, sunt intotdeauna separate prin virgule. Utilizare: pronumele relativ poate fi:
    • subiect:

Our neighbours, who are quite old, have a Jeep.

That dirty truck, which looks abandoned, is mine.

·        complement:

Dr. Smith, whom I met a year ago, writes a weekly column in the local newspaper.

Their lawn, which was newly seeded in the spring, has turned brown.

·        posesiv:

My grandmother, whose eightieth birthday we celebrated in May, broke her leg last week.

Our fence, whose paint is peeling, looks terrible.

·        complement prepozitional (whom / who se folosesc pentru persoane; which se foloseste pentru lucruri):

The wanted man, for whom the police are looking, used to live in our town.

SAU: The wanted man, whom / who the police are looking for, used to live in our town.

SAU: The wanted man, the police are looking for, used to live in our town.

 

NOTA: Which se foloseste cu referire la o propozitie precedenta:

Jerry testified that he had never met her, which was a lie.

What se foloseste cu sensul de “lucrurile care, ceea ce”:

What Jerry said was a lie.

All / both / few / most / some + of + whom / which se refera la persoane si lucruri:

The travellers, all of whom were ill, were hospitalized.

The two Inca pots, both of which were museum pieces, were stolen.

Super Slim